Syntactic Analysis on The Headlines in New York Times in The First Two Weeks of May 2014 (1st to 14th of May)

Isnia, Wulan Suci (2014) Syntactic Analysis on The Headlines in New York Times in The First Two Weeks of May 2014 (1st to 14th of May). [ Skripsi ]

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Official URL: http://repo.iain-tulungagung.ac.id/

Abstract

Keywords: Syntactic categories, Phrase structure tree, Phrase structure pattern Human as a social being needs to interact and communicate with others in the society. The intention in communicating with others is many, which one of those are to get and to exchange information. The media used in communication are also various. As an international language, English is used in many online news, one of the most famous of all is The New York Times. Regarding with online news, the advantage is not only to increase people’s information but also to enlarge their knowledge, especially for the EFL students. As for the EFL students, it can increase their vocabulary and provide them with the larger scope of reading material. In this research, the researcher focused the analysis on the Syntactic categories, Phrase Structure Trees and Phrase Structure rules. It is necesary to know the class word (syntactic category), what this certain word belongs to. This is to prevent the possibility of misunderstanding. Phrase structure trees allow us to break down a sentence until the very base construction, in this case is syntactic and lexical categories so that we will find out what class a word is in a sentence. Later, the researcher expects to find out the sentence/phrase structure patterns occurred in the New York Times headline to know the trend of language structure used in the headlines. The statement of research problems are: 1) What phrase structure patterns are found in New York Times headlines? 2) What phrase structure pattern most frequently occurred in New York Times headlines? Hence, the purposes of this research are: 1)To know the phrase structure patterns found in New York Times headlines. 2) To know the most frequent phrase structure pattern occurred in New York Times headlines. The method used in this research was generated to quantitative research in reason of that the analysis was dealing with number as well of percentage. The researcher analyzed the headline by using phrase structure tree pattern based on phrase structure rule to find the trend of sentence pattern occurred. Thus, the approach again was specified into descriptive quantitative. Later, the data percentage was used to uncover what kind of phrase structure patterns are found on the headlines in The New York Times and what phrase structure pattern most frequently occurs. The research findings show that the most frequent phrase structure pattern occurred in The New York Times article’s headlines in the first two weeks of May was the pattern of S  NP VP. This type of pattern was found 83 times among 192 total of headlines analyzed by the researcher with the percentage of 43%. The next type of phrase structure tree was NP  (Art) N (PP) that occurred with 18 occurrances and percentage of 9,4%. The third type of phrase structure occurred was NP  N (PP) with 13 occurrances and percentage of 6,8%. Next was the pattern of S  NP (Aux) VP happened to be the fourth type of pattern with 10 occurrances and percentage of 5%. Other types of phrase structure occurred were below 10 occurrances with the percentage below 5% among the total percentage. The least patterns occurr are the pattern of VP  V (PP), VP  V (TP), NP  (Adj) N (N), NP  (Art) (Det) (Adj) N, and PP  Prep NP (VP) with only one occurrance of each and percentage of 0,5%.

Item Type: Skripsi
Subjects: Bahasa Dan Sastra > Bahasa Inggris
Divisions: Fakultas Tarbiyah Dan Ilmu Keguruan > Tadris Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: Endang Rifngati S.Sos
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2014 07:07
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2014 07:07
URI: http://repo.iain-tulungagung.ac.id/id/eprint/485

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